Adulteration of milk

Reliable tests for cow, sheep and goat milk products

  1. Home
  2. /
  3. Analytes
  4. /
  5. Food adulteration
  6. /
  7. Adulteration of milk
 

Adulteration of milk

Economic motivations for food adulteration

Food products are often adulterated with additives for economic reasons. This practice, while financially motivated, significantly reduces the quality of the final product. For example, the admixture of significantly cheaper cow’s milk into high-quality sheep or goat milk products compromises the intended purity and quality of these specialty items.

Adulteration of goat and sheep milk products: The role of CIS-Casein

Goat’s and sheep’s cheeses have become increasingly popular in recent years, leading to a surge in production. However, the availability of goat and sheep milk is subject to seasonal fluctuations, which has led to the common practice of adding cow’s milk to these products. This practice, while economically advantageous, can mislead consumers and affect product integrity. According to EU Directive No. 273/2008, the addition of cow’s milk to goat and sheep milk products is regulated, with a permissible limit set at 0.5%. To comply with these regulations and ensure product quality, rigorous testing is essential.

Our product line includes several tests specifically designed to detect cow’s milk in sheep’s and goat’s milk products. These tests help manufacturers verify that their high-quality products remain free from adulterating additives. Isoelectric focusing for the detection of γ-casein, a form of CIS-casein, is currently the only reference method available for detecting cow casein in goat or sheep cheese or milk. This complex analysis requires a well-equipped laboratory. Additionally, immunochromatographic techniques provide a viable alternative for verifying the presence of cow’s milk in these products.

Melamine adulteration: A case study

The 2008 Chinese milk scandal serves as a stark reminder of the dangers of milk adulteration. In an effort to cut costs, some producers in China diluted milk with water and added melamine, a nitrogen-rich organic compound, to artificially enhance the protein content. This adulterated milk was used in baby food products such as milk powder, leading to severe health consequences. Thousands of infants in China suffered from kidney stones and kidney dysfunction, with some cases resulting in death. This scandal underscored the critical need for stringent regulatory oversight and comprehensive testing protocols to prevent similar incidents in the future.

In response to the melamine scandal, authorities worldwide introduced stricter limit values and more rigorous control measures to ensure the safety and integrity of milk products. These measures include regular monitoring and advanced testing techniques to detect and prevent the adulteration of milk with harmful substances.

Importance of advanced testing and regulatory compliance

Ensuring the safety and quality of milk products requires a combination of advanced testing methods and strict adherence to regulatory standards. Our range of testing solutions enables producers to detect and quantify adulterants in milk products, safeguarding consumer health and maintaining trust in food quality. By employing techniques such as isoelectric focusing and immunochromatographic assays, manufacturers can accurately identify the presence of unauthorized additives, ensuring their products meet both national and international standards.

Product portfolio

ProductDescriptionNo. of tests/amountArt. No.
EuroProxima Plus Cow´s Milk

A competitive enzyme immunoassay for the detection of raw and heat-treated cow’s milk in milk from other species.

Read more
Microtiter plate with 96 wells (12 strips with 8 wells each) 5171MILK
EuroProxima Plus Lactoferrin Fast

EuroProxima Plus Lactoferrin Fast is a competitive enzyme immunoassay for screening and quantitative analysis of lactoferrin in various matrices.

Read more
Microtiter plate with 96 wells (12 strips with 8 wells each). 5091LFERF
EuroProxima Plus Bovine Rennet Whey

EuroProxima Plus Bovine Rennet Whey is a competitive enzyme immunoassay for screening of the presence of bovine rennet whey in bovine milk and in milk of other species and sources.

Read more
Microtiter plate with 96 wells (12 strips with 8 wells each). 5171BRW
EuroProxima Plus Cheese Fraud

EuroProxima Plus Cheese Fraud is a competitive enzyme immunoassay for screening of the presence of bovine milk in cheese of other species and sources.

Read more
Microtiter plate with 96 wells (12 strips with 8 wells each). 5171BKCC
EuroProxima Plus Lactoferrin

EuroProxima Plus Lactoferrin is a competitive enzyme immunoassay for screening and quantitative analysis of lactoferrin in various matrices.

Read more
Microtiter plate with 96 wells (12 strips with 8 wells each). 5091LFER
load more
ProductDescriptionNo. of tests/amountArt. No.
RIDA®QUICK CIS

RIDA®QUICK CIS is an immunochromatographic test for the detection cow’s milk in milk or cheese of other species (sheep and goat).

Read more
25 x reaction strips (one for each determination). R4303
load more