Food adulteration

Modern analytical methods for the detection of food fraud

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Analytes

Food adulteration

Increased awareness since the horsemeat scandal

Since the horsemeat scandal, awareness of food adulteration and food fraud has significantly increased. Consumers and regulatory bodies are now more vigilant about ensuring the authenticity of food products.

Opportunities for food adulteration

The varying prices and availability of food products from different origins create opportunities for incorrect declaration of food components. Adulteration can occur both in terms of quality and quantity, with cheaper or readily available ingredients being mislabeled as more expensive or desirable ones. For example, horsemeat may be mislabeled as beef. Such product adulterations can be detected with high specificity and quantified relatively using advanced testing methods like real-time PCR, which can provide percentage values of the respective animal species in relation to the total quantity of meat.

Religious requirements and animal speciation

Interest in animal speciation in meat products also stems from religious requirements, such as halal and kosher certifications. Religiously motivated inspections, particularly for detecting pork in meat products or processed foods, do not allow for any technical threshold values, requiring purely qualitative and highly sensitive tests. Real-time PCR is often used for this purpose due to its high sensitivity, though its effectiveness depends on the presence of intact DNA, which can be challenging to detect in heavily processed foods like gelatin.

Adulteration beyond meat products

Food fraud is not limited to meat products; it is also widespread in fish and dairy products. Each category presents unique challenges and requires specific detection methods to ensure product authenticity and consumer trust.

For more information, click on the following categories to learn about adulteration in different types of foods.

Key benefits of monitoring food adulteration

  • Consumer protection: Ensures that consumers are not misled by false labeling and that they receive the products they expect.
  • Regulatory compliance: Helps manufacturers comply with food safety regulations and avoid legal repercussions.
  • Quality assurance: Maintains the integrity and reputation of food brands by ensuring product authenticity and quality.
  • Economic savings: Reduces the risk of costly recalls and potential financial losses due to adulteration issues.
  • Advanced detection methods: Utilizes cutting-edge technologies such as real-time PCR to accurately identify and quantify adulterants in food products.

Conclusion

Monitoring food adulteration is critical for maintaining the trust and safety of consumers, as well as the reputation of food manufacturers. By implementing advanced detection methods like real-time PCR, companies can ensure the authenticity and quality of their products, comply with regulatory standards, and protect themselves from economic losses. Effective food adulteration testing is a cornerstone of modern food safety management, helping to uphold the highest standards of quality and consumer protection.

Product portfolio

ProductDescriptionNo. of tests/amountArt. No.
EuroProxima Plus Cow´s Milk

A competitive enzyme immunoassay for the detection of raw and heat-treated cow’s milk in milk from other species.

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Microtiter plate with 96 wells (12 strips with 8 wells each) 5171MILK
EuroProxima Plus Lactoferrin Fast

EuroProxima Plus Lactoferrin Fast is a competitive enzyme immunoassay for screening and quantitative analysis of lactoferrin in various matrices.

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Microtiter plate with 96 wells (12 strips with 8 wells each). 5091LFERF
EuroProxima Plus Bovine Rennet Whey

EuroProxima Plus Bovine Rennet Whey is a competitive enzyme immunoassay for screening of the presence of bovine rennet whey in bovine milk and in milk of other species and sources.

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Microtiter plate with 96 wells (12 strips with 8 wells each). 5171BRW
EuroProxima Plus Cheese Fraud

EuroProxima Plus Cheese Fraud is a competitive enzyme immunoassay for screening of the presence of bovine milk in cheese of other species and sources.

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Microtiter plate with 96 wells (12 strips with 8 wells each). 5171BKCC
EuroProxima Plus Lactoferrin

EuroProxima Plus Lactoferrin is a competitive enzyme immunoassay for screening and quantitative analysis of lactoferrin in various matrices.

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Microtiter plate with 96 wells (12 strips with 8 wells each). 5091LFER
ELISA-TEK™ Cooked Meat Species Kit

Assay for the positive identification of species content (various) in cooked samples: ELISA-TEK™ Cooked Mixed Species Kit: customized (Art. No. 510601) ELISA-TEK™ Cooked Meat 3 Species Kit: beef, pork, poultry (Art. No. 510603) ELISA-TEK™ …

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96 determinations 5106**
ELISA-TEK™ Raw Meat Species Kit

Assay for the positive identification of species content (various) in raw samples: ELISA-TEK™ Raw Mixed Species Kit: customized (Art. No. 510501) ELISA-TEK™ Raw 3 Species Kit: cow, pig, poultry (Art. No. 510503) ELISA-TEK™ Raw 4 Species Kit: …

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96 determinations 5105**
RIDASCREEN® Risk Material 10/5

RIDASCREEN® Risk Material 10/5 is a sandwich enzyme immunoassay for the quantitative analysis of risk material (CNS) in / on raw meat, meat products and on contaminated surfaces. For the determination of risk material (CNS) in processed (heated) …

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Microtiter plate with 96 wells (12 strips with 8 wells each) R6703
RIDASCREEN® Risk Material

RIDASCREEN® Risk Material is a sandwich enzyme immunoassay for the quantitative analysis of risk material (CNS) in processed (heated) meat and sausages. For the determination of risk material (CNS) in raw meat, meat products and on contaminated …

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Microtiter plate with 96 wells (12 strips with 8 wells each). R6701
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ProductDescriptionNo. of tests/amountArt. No.
EZ PANGASIUS™ Pangasius Species Rapid Kit

Assay for the positive identification of species content (Pangasius) in a sample: EZ PANGASIUS™ Pangasius Species Rapid Kit (Art. No. 510EZP)

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10 tests per kit (test strips). 510EZP
RIDA®QUICK CIS

RIDA®QUICK CIS is an immunochromatographic test for the detection cow’s milk in milk or cheese of other species (sheep and goat).

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25 x reaction strips (one for each determination). R4303
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ProductDescriptionNo. of tests/amountArt. No.
TANBead Maelstrom™ 4800

The TANBead Maelstrom™ 4800 (Taiwan Advanced Nanotech) is a fully automated operating instrument for nucleic acid purification and isolation using magnetic beads and rods. The instrument uses the TANBead patented Maelstrom Spin Mixing Technology to …

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Up to 48 samples ZMAL48
SureFast® Mag PREP Food

The kit is intended to be used for isolation of animal and plant DNA from food and feed as well as bacterial DNA from bacterial culture enrichments with the TANBead® Maelstrom 4800. Standardization and harmonization of methods Reduction of errors …

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96 preparations F1060
SureFood® ANIMAL QUANT Turkey

The SureFood® ANIMAL QUANT Turkey real-time PCR detects the relative turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) DNA amount to the total animal (amnions) DNA content in meat samples. Therefore the kit contains two PCR systems, one for detection of a turkey …

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2 x 50 reactions S1015
SureFood® Apricot

The real-time PCR test detects DNA of apricot (Prunus armenica). Each reaction contains an internal amplification control (IAC).

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100 reactions S7007
SureFood® ANIMAL ID 4plex Camel/Horse/Donkey + IAAC

The test detects camel DNA of Arabian camel (Camelus dromedarius) and of Bactrian camel (Camelus bactrianus), horse DNA (Equus caballus) and donkey DNA (Equus asinus). Each reaction contains an internal amplification control and an internal detection …

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100 reactions S6131
SureFood® ANIMAL ID 3plex Water Buffalo/Beef+IAAC

The test detects water buffalo (Bubalis arnee) and beef (Bos taurus) DNA. Each reaction contains an internal amplification control and an internal detection assay for vertebrates DNA (IAAC).

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100 reactions S6130
SureFood® ANIMAL ID Poultry IAAC

The test detects poultry DNA. Each reaction contains an internal amplification control and an internal detection assay for vertebrates DNA (IAAC).

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100 reactions S6125
SureFood ® ANIMAL ID 4plex Beef/Horse/Pork+IAAC

The test detects beef (Bos taurus), horse (Equus caballus) and pork (Sus scrofa) DNA. Each reaction contains an internal amplification control and an internal detection assay for vertebrates DNA (IAAC).

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100 reactions S6126
SureFood® ANIMAL ID Horse IAAC

The test detects horse DNA (Equua caballus). Each reaction contains an internal amplification control and an internal detection assay for vertebrates DNA (IAAC).

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100 reactions S6118
SureFood® ANIMAL ID 4plex Beef/Sheep/Goat+IAAC

The test detects beef (Bos taurus), sheep (Ovis aries) and goat (Capra hircus) DNA. Each reaction contains an internal amplification control and an internal detection assay for vertebrates DNA (IAAC).

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100 reactions S6121
SureFood® ANIMAL ID Chicken IAAC

The test detects chicken (Gallus gallus) DNA. Each reaction contains an internal amplification control and an internal detection assay for animal DNA (IAAC).  

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100 reactions S6115
SureFood® ANIMAL ID Beef IAAC

The test detects beef DNA (Bos taurus). Each reaction contains an internal amplification control and an internal detection assay for vertebrates DNA (IAAC).  

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100 reactions S6113
SureFood® ANIMAL ID Pork IAAC

The test detects pork DNA (Sus scrofa). Each reaction contains an internal amplification control and an internal detection assay for vertebrates DNA (IAAC).  

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100 reactions S6114
SureFood® ANIMAL ID Pork SENS PLUS

The test detects pork DNA (Sus scrofa). Each reaction contains an internal amplification control.

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100 reactions S6017
SureFood® ANIMAL ID Horse/Donkey+IAAC

The test detects horse DNA (Equus caballus) and donkey DNA (Equus asinus) seperately. Each reaction contains an internal amplification control and an internal detection assay for animal DNA (IAAC).

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100 reactions S6119
SureFood® ANIMAL ID Turkey IAAC

The test detects turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) DNA. Each reaction contains an internal amplification control and an internal detection assay for animal DNA (IAAC).  

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100 reactions S6116
SureFood® ANIMAL ID 4plex Pork/Chicken/Turkey+IAAC

The test detects pork (Sus scrofa), chicken (Gallus gallus) and turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) DNA. Each reaction contains an internal amplification control and an internal detection assay for vertebrates DNA (IAAC).  

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100 reactions S6123
SureFood® ANIMAL QUANT Chicken

The SureFood® ANIMAL QUANT Chicken real-time PCR detects the relative chicken (Gallus gallus) DNA amount to the total animal (amnions) DNA content in meat samples. Therefore the kit contains two PCR systems, one for detection of a chicken specific …

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2 x 50 reactions. Thereof 50 reactions are used for the detection of the reference gene. S1014
SureFood® ANIMAL QUANT Pork

The test detects the relative pork DNA amount (Sus scrofa) to the total animal DNA content (amnions) in meat samples. Therefore the kit contains two PCR systems, one for detection of a pork specific gene (Sus detection gene) and one for the detection …

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2 x 50 reactions S1011
SureFood® ANIMAL QUANT Beef

The test detects the relative beef DNA amount (Bos taurus) to the total animal DNA content (amnions) in meat samples. Therefore the kit contains two PCR systems, one for detection of a beef specific gene (Beef detection gene) and one for the …

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2 x 50 reactions S1010
SureFood® ANIMAL ID Cat/Dog+IAAC

The test detects cat (Felis catus) DNA and dog (Canis lupus familiaris) DNA seperately. Each reaction contains an internal amplification control and an internal detection assay for animal DNA (IAAC).  

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100 reactions S6112
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